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九年级英语Unit4虚拟语气的用法 人教版新目标版

类别:九年级 > 英语 > 人教新目标版 > 不分版别 > 不限地区 > 试题

时间:2007-06-24

区域:不限地区

大小: 8.56 KB

九年级英语Unit4虚拟语气的用法 人教版新目标版虚拟语气是一种动词形式,表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测、建议等含义,虚拟语气所表示的含义不是客观存在的事实。下面重点谈谈虚拟语气在条件句中的用法,虚拟语气条件句是用谓语动词的特殊形式来表示与现在、过去事实相反的情况或对将来发生的情况表示怀疑。具体情况如下:1. 表示与现在事实相反的情况例如 : If I were you , I'd get there earlier.如果我是你,我就早一点到那 儿。(事实是:我不是你,因此我没有早到那儿。)If you went to bed earlier, you would not be so sleepy in the morning. 如果你早点儿睡觉, 早晨就不会这么困了。 (事实是:你经常晚睡, 所以早上觉得困。)2.表示与过去事实相反的情况 例如: If you had worked hard, you wouldn't have failed the exam . 如果你早用功, 你就不至于考试不及格了。(事实是:你早没用功,所以考试失败了)3. 表示与将来事实相反的情况例如: If it rained tomorrow, our picnic would be put off.如果明天下雨,我们的野餐就推迟。(事实是:最近天气很好,下雨的可能性不大)If you should be late tomorrow, we would not wait for you.万一你明天迟到了, 我们就不等你了。( 事实是: 迟到是意料之外的事情注意 。)注意:用虚拟语气表示条件的条件从句, 可以放在主句前,也可以放在主句后, 但所表达的意义侧重点不同。主句在前时,强调 “结果”;从句在前时,强调 “条件”。巩固练习:一、单选题( ).1. If I were you ,I try my best. A. would B. shall  C. had D. will ( ) 2. If I ten years younger, I very happy. A. am ; shall be B. were ; would be C. were ; shall be D. am ; would be( )3.If I to the moon, I would bring something unusual back to the earth. A. go B. goes C. went D. will go ( ) 4. If Jane here now , she would explain to us how to do it. A. be B. is C. was D. were( ) 5. “You can ask your brother for help.” “He is not at home. If he , I .” A. is ; would B. is ; will C. were ; would D. were ; will..........

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